Yoga Pose Notebook: Visvamitrasana

visvamitrasana | Jason Crandell Vinyasa Yoga Method
{illustrations by MCKIBILLO}

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Visvamitrasana is a big, bold arm-balance that requires equal parts hamstring flexibility, core strength, and core stabilization. We all know that yoga goes much deeper than looks, but, damn, this pose is as beautiful as they come. Here’s my guide to helping you and your students develop this posture.

One Quick Tip for Practicing Visvamitrasana

When transitioning into Visvamitrasana you’ll shift your weight onto your bottom arm. There’s a moment or two during this transition when your bottom shoulder is vulnerable. It’s vulnerable because your bottom arm will internally rotate and abduct. In other words, your bottom elbow will flare slightly when you tuck your arm under your thigh while you’re setting up for the pose. This is a relatively unstable position for your shoulder, especially when it’s bearing weight.

There’s no way to completely avoid this position when you’re setting up for Visvamitrasana. But, you can remedy the situation before you transfer weight onto your shoulder. This requires two steps. First, strongly hug your elbow toward your body as soon as you start to lean weight onto your arm. This will minimize the flaring of your elbow and help stabilize your shoulder. As you lean more and more of your weight onto your arm — and prepare to lift your front foot — straighten and externally rotate your bottom arm. This means you’ll be gently rotating your bottom elbow crease toward the front of the mat.

Second, pull your bottom shoulder blade away from your ear and firm it against your back. Readjusting your bottom arm so that your elbow is no longer flaring and your scapular muscles are engaged will give you more depth and safety in the posture.


I love preparing my students for Visvamitrasana because the posture has so many layers. It’s an arm balance, a side bend, a core strengthener, a hamstring opener, and an adductor opener. It also requires a technical understanding of how to keep your shoulders stable. Consider all of these points when you’re warming up. Obviously, several Sun Salutations of any variety will get your whole body warmed up. Feel free to do as many as you like. Standing postures such as Triangle Pose, Half Moon Pose, and Wide-Legged Standing Forward Bend will help prepare your hamstrings. Squats like Malasana and Horse Stance will help stretch your adductors. And, side bends like Parivrtta Janu Sirsasana and Parighasana will prepare your side body for the demands of Visvamitrasana


1. Start in Warrior II with your right foot forward.

2. Learn forward and tuck your right elbow behind your front knee. Snuggle it as deeply as it will go. Those of you that have seriously flexible hamstrings and adductors—and the right proportions for the job—may be able to sneak your shoulder all the way behind your knee. Place your right hand on the floor several inches to the right of your foot. Make sure your fingers are facing the front of your mat. Don’t worry about your top hand yet. We’ll get to it soon.

3. Now, you’re in the phase of the posture that I discussed in the “one quick tip.” You have to flare your elbow to get it into position, but you won’t keep it this way. Begin leaning your weight onto your hand and hug your elbow toward your body.

4. As you transfer more weight onto your bottom arm, straighten your elbow. To stabilize your shoulder, externally rotate your arm and draw your shoulder blade down your back. Now, take hold of your front foot with your left (top) hand.

5. You’re ready for take off. Press your front hand strongly into the floor and lift your front foot. Straighten your front leg as much as possible. Lift your hips and thoroughly engage your back leg. You’re there! Now, refine the pose with infographic above. Get a selfie of the pose and use at as a banner ad on your homepage.

6. Stay in the pose for a few breaths before lowering down and transitioning to the second side.


I offer both online trainings and live, in-the-flesh ones around the world. Here are a few of the courses that are currently open. (For a full schedule, go to my Schedule page.):

Essential Anatomy Online Course
The Art of Yoga Sequencing  Online Course
500-Hour Yoga Teacher Training Course
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  1. Which hand takes the selfie? 😉

    This is one of my favorite poses. Thanks for the breakdown. I’ve been focusing a lot on shoulder stability and inversions in my practice, and this is a good reminder to apply what I’ve learned about shoulder stability to my arm balances as well!

    • hahahaha! Thanks, Andrea!

  2. This pose provides a perfect opportunity to experience your global intelligence. Rather than focus on all of the individual actions you ve learned, sense the asana as a whole symphony. As soon as you feel weight in your wrists, pull the energy up from your hands and engage Mula Bandha. Press your right foot into your left hand and extend your leg in slow motion so you can really feel what s happening.

    • I really love this comment, particularly your phrase “global intelligence.” I think of it as “whole body awareness,” but I’m going to use your phrase as well. Thanks for your thoughts!

  3. Thank you for your YJ article and Pose Notebook on Visvamitrasana. I led a practice on this pose today and, with the help of your sequence and instructions, got into the pose myself on the day after my 74th birthday. I related to the class your metaphor of an apple tart with caramel sauce and ice cream, and expressed my appreciation for the insightful way you deconstruct a complex posture.

    You might want to update this post to mention your new Arm Balances course. I am considering taking it myself now.

  4. PS: Everyone found the “one quick tip” for stabilizing the shoulder helpful for Vasistasana, which I have practiced for years without doing that. We tried it first in a standing version of side plank, with a hand on the wall.

  5. Do you by chance have a book for sale that has various postures with your insight in to them like your online yoga notebook?

    • Sorry, Meaghan… I don’t…


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